What was the world’s first concept album?


The concept album is in revival. Why is this? Well, because vinyl is in revival. I remember all too well in the days of my youth uploading songs onto an iPod, with limited space and only a matter of time before an incoming phone call from an auntie wiped out the internet. You had to cull the fat on a record and stick to the singles. For a decade or so, the medium of the iPod held huge sway over albums, and banging singles rather than the rigorous depth of a considerable LP was the status quo to some extent.

But the tide has turned on this, and huge hit records over the last few years, like Arctic Monkeys’ lunar rock ‘n’ roll retirement home with Tranquility Base Hotel + Casino and Tyler, The Creator’s IGOR, have been in the concept album vein. Indeed, in an era of content overload, they offer a chance to showcase greater originality and attract a stronger sense of engagement from music fans aching for a little bit more than merely another toe-tapper.

While the concept album might seem like the most obvious avenue for a full-length pop LP – to curate the material into a linked sonic tapestry or novelistic work like most media before it – owing to the way technology and pop culture arose alongside each other, this was not necessarily the case. The reason is evidenced by this archival and rather patriarchally worded article from 1929: “Gramophone records are a very expensive item, and the music-lover who is not particularly rich must often survey his small and slowly growing collection with feelings of pain.”

Radios, however, were far more commonplace and affordable. This meant that early pop music was predominantly single-based and radio-friendly. Moreover, they were usually only two minutes long so that DJs could talk more and establish their own careers. Thus, turning a simple song into a long over-arching album and shunning the immediacy of popular tropes was a no-go if you wanted to be successful (which, during the Great Depression, you most certainly wanted to be). This was amplified further when the 45s first arrived over 70 years ago in 1949, and now ever Gramophone records were quick school-yard-swappable single-orientated.

However, these kids got older, and they couldn’t listen to wham, bam, two-minute blasts forever. They wanted something with a bit more substance for a change. These youngsters had grown up in the wake of World War II and all the nuclear panic that came along with it. They wanted something a little bit more spiritual to sit with the uncertain zeitgeist when they came of age—something that went beyond two-minute dance craze records.

Thus, the insatiable appetite for music’s first commercial rock stars meant that LPs, which were first invented in 1948, gained popularity. These longer records called for more introspection. After a while, folks like Bob Dylan found the endless variations of ‘Rock Around the Clock’ a little bit vapid. LPs allowed for greater depth and diversity. Suddenly not every song that a commercial artist put to record had to be a radio hit. While it took the Motown hit parade a while to catch on to this notion, the troubadours flocking to Greenwich Village were about to get arty with what you could do on a 42-minute LP, Dylan eventually putting out the first double album with Blonde on Blonde.

Alas, it was his hero who had already laid the plan out for him: Woody Guthrie. As the outlier of a generation, he cared not about money. Like many others, in the late 1930s, Guthrie fled to California in search of work. This was a fortunate move. He soon met his radio partner Lefty Lou and began playing on his show. But, by contrast, the collaboration would not lavish him with a fortune, and that was seemingly fine by him—he was the outlier of a generation willing to buck the commercial trend of singles.

They wrote Dust Bowl Ballads together, and on the sleeve of subsequent records, they pressed the following statement: “This song is Copyrighted in the US, under Seal of Copyright #154085, for a period of 28 years, and anybody caught singin’ it without our permission, will be mighty good friends of ours, cause we don’t give a dern. Publish it. Write it. Sing it. Swing to it. Yodel it. We wrote it, that’s all we wanted to do.” From the get-go, this indicated his unique iconoclasm. From then on, he became beloved, a sort of ‘Oklahoma cowboy’ as he was dubbed, and built up his legacy travelling the States disseminating his political messages in poetic tunes. He was now an icon—the first of a few who would follow in his footsteps.

You see, the message pressed alongside the album was not just a conceptual take on copyright laws; the whole album was a conceptual take on where America found itself. Dust Bowl Ballads was released as 11 songs on two simultaneously released three discs of 78 rpm records. The set was a unified collection. Through various protagonists like Tom Joad, Guthrie’s luminary work tells the tale of the Dust Bowl and its devastating impacts. This was, in essence, a concept, and proof that comes from the unconventional way it was released on consecutive discs, pre-dating even the LP format that would naturally allow concept records to flourish—all of which owe a little something to the fascist slaying Woody Guthrie, music’s first punk.

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